Construction Today - January 2017 - 8

CONSTRUCTION LAW

RISKS OF BIM

BIM users cannot assume they are protected from liability. BY THOMAS J. MADIGAN

cannot use BIM
ยป Contractors
assuming they are protected
from liability.

W

hen building information
modeling (BIM) technology
first gained widespread use,
commentators warned of new
legal risks posed by the information sharing
and collaboration essential to the process.
Contractors and designers became worried
that BIM could alter the traditional allocation
of risk between them.
The potential impact of BIM on the
implied warranty of constructability, also
known as the Spearin Doctrine, drew particular attention. The doctrine, named for
a 1918 Supreme Court decision, provides
that by issuing plans and specifications,
the government impliedly warrants their
adequacy and if the contractor builds in

8

CONSTRUCTION-TODAY.COM JANUARY 2017

accordance therewith, it cannot be liable for any deficiency in
the finished product, and is entitled to be compensated for any
increased costs of construction.
Pundits warned that the collaboration and information-sharing
between designer and builder could render the implied warranty of
adequacy inapplicable. In support of their prediction, they pointed
to what they perceived as an erosion in Spearin that predated the
implementation of BIM. As project delivery systems had become
more integrated, the bright line between design and construction
had blurred and with it the allocation of risk. They posited that BIM
would further erode the doctrine, or destroy it altogether.
Concerns also arose as to the creation of new theories of liability
among owner, contractor and architect. If conflicts went undetected
and manifested during construction, the issue of responsibility
could be muddled. Was the problem due to an error in the design,
the information supplied by the contractor, the BIM software or
some combination of all three? If the error stemmed from contrac-


http://www.CONSTRUCTION-TODAY.COM

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Construction Today - January 2017

Contents
Construction Today - January 2017 - Cover1
Construction Today - January 2017 - Cover2
Construction Today - January 2017 - 1
Construction Today - January 2017 - 2
Construction Today - January 2017 - Contents
Construction Today - January 2017 - 4
Construction Today - January 2017 - 5
Construction Today - January 2017 - 6
Construction Today - January 2017 - 7
Construction Today - January 2017 - 8
Construction Today - January 2017 - 9
Construction Today - January 2017 - 10
Construction Today - January 2017 - 11
Construction Today - January 2017 - 12
Construction Today - January 2017 - 13
Construction Today - January 2017 - 14
Construction Today - January 2017 - 15
Construction Today - January 2017 - 16
Construction Today - January 2017 - 17
Construction Today - January 2017 - 18
Construction Today - January 2017 - 19
Construction Today - January 2017 - 20
Construction Today - January 2017 - 21
Construction Today - January 2017 - 22
Construction Today - January 2017 - 23
Construction Today - January 2017 - 24
Construction Today - January 2017 - 25
Construction Today - January 2017 - 26
Construction Today - January 2017 - 27
Construction Today - January 2017 - 28
Construction Today - January 2017 - 29
Construction Today - January 2017 - 30
Construction Today - January 2017 - 31
Construction Today - January 2017 - 32
Construction Today - January 2017 - 33
Construction Today - January 2017 - 34
Construction Today - January 2017 - 35
Construction Today - January 2017 - 36
Construction Today - January 2017 - 37
Construction Today - January 2017 - 38
Construction Today - January 2017 - 39
Construction Today - January 2017 - 40
Construction Today - January 2017 - 41
Construction Today - January 2017 - 42
Construction Today - January 2017 - 43
Construction Today - January 2017 - 44
Construction Today - January 2017 - 45
Construction Today - January 2017 - 46
Construction Today - January 2017 - 47
Construction Today - January 2017 - 48
Construction Today - January 2017 - 49
Construction Today - January 2017 - 50
Construction Today - January 2017 - 51
Construction Today - January 2017 - 52
Construction Today - January 2017 - 53
Construction Today - January 2017 - 54
Construction Today - January 2017 - 55
Construction Today - January 2017 - 56
Construction Today - January 2017 - 57
Construction Today - January 2017 - 58
Construction Today - January 2017 - 59
Construction Today - January 2017 - 60
Construction Today - January 2017 - 61
Construction Today - January 2017 - 62
Construction Today - January 2017 - 63
Construction Today - January 2017 - 64
Construction Today - January 2017 - 65
Construction Today - January 2017 - 66
Construction Today - January 2017 - 67
Construction Today - January 2017 - 68
Construction Today - January 2017 - 69
Construction Today - January 2017 - 70
Construction Today - January 2017 - 71
Construction Today - January 2017 - 72
Construction Today - January 2017 - 73
Construction Today - January 2017 - 74
Construction Today - January 2017 - 75
Construction Today - January 2017 - 76
Construction Today - January 2017 - 77
Construction Today - January 2017 - 78
Construction Today - January 2017 - 79
Construction Today - January 2017 - 80
Construction Today - January 2017 - 81
Construction Today - January 2017 - 82
Construction Today - January 2017 - 83
Construction Today - January 2017 - 84
Construction Today - January 2017 - 85
Construction Today - January 2017 - 86
Construction Today - January 2017 - 87
Construction Today - January 2017 - 88
Construction Today - January 2017 - 89
Construction Today - January 2017 - 90
Construction Today - January 2017 - 91
Construction Today - January 2017 - 92
Construction Today - January 2017 - 93
Construction Today - January 2017 - 94
Construction Today - January 2017 - 95
Construction Today - January 2017 - 96
Construction Today - January 2017 - 97
Construction Today - January 2017 - 98
Construction Today - January 2017 - 99
Construction Today - January 2017 - 100
Construction Today - January 2017 - 101
Construction Today - January 2017 - 102
Construction Today - January 2017 - 103
Construction Today - January 2017 - 104
Construction Today - January 2017 - 105
Construction Today - January 2017 - 106
Construction Today - January 2017 - 107
Construction Today - January 2017 - 108
Construction Today - January 2017 - 109
Construction Today - January 2017 - 110
Construction Today - January 2017 - 111
Construction Today - January 2017 - 112
Construction Today - January 2017 - Cover3
Construction Today - January 2017 - Cover4
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue6a
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue5
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue5b
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue5a
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue4
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue4a
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue3
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue3a
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue2
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue2a
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue1
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol17issue1a
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol16issue6
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol16issue5
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol16issue4
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol16issue3
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol16issue2
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_vol16issue1
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201712
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201711
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_20170910
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_20170708
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201706
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201705
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_20170304
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201702
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201701
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_20161112
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201610vol2
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201610
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201609
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201608
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201607
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201606
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/ct_201605
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201604
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20160304
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20160102
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20151112
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20150910
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20150708
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20150506
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20150304
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20150102
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20141112
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20140910
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20140708
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20140506
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20140304
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20140102
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20131112
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20130910
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20130708
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20130506
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20130304
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20130102
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20121112
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20120910
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201208
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201207
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201206
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201205
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201204
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201203
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201202
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201201
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201112
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_20111011
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201109
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/ct_201108
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201107
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201106
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201105
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201104
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201103
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201102
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201101
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201012
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201011
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201010
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201009
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201008
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201007
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201006
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201005
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201004
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201003
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201002
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/businessmedia/ct_201001
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/schofield/ct_200912
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/schofield/ct_200911
http://digital.construction-today.com/nxtbooks/schofield/ct_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/schofield/ct_200909
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com